In 1939/40 Congress funded the Ordnance Department to develop and issue a request for prototype testing of an M1 Carbine sample from industry. The basic requirement was that this new carbine had to have: 1) an effective range of 300 yards, 2) weight not to exceed 5 lbs, 3) have a sling for easy carrying and 4) it had to fire the new .30 M1 carbine round developed by the Winchester-Repeating Arms Company.
Several companies developed and submitted test samples, i.e. Winchester, Harrington & Richardson, Savage Arms Company, Springfield Armory, the Woodhull Company and the Bendix Aircraft Corp. Of those tested only the Winchester and Hyde-Bendix design, met the basic requirements and were determined to be the best designs that required minimal improvements to be suitable for further testing.
Consequently both companies were requested to redesign their initial submissions, eliminating the original noted shortcomings in their designs and resubmit new test samples.
The Hyde-Bendix original design was developed by George J. Hyde an engineer who worked at the Bendix Aircraft Corp.
Although it was improved in accordance with the recommendation of the Ordnance Department, the second model proved to be less-reliable than the first model, and the trigger group was actually more difficult to disassemble. Consequently, the Winchester Repeating Arms Company was awarded the new contract to develop the M1 Carbine.
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